Photography Rules
Text & Photographs By Rickey Brown  © All rights reserved.

With all the electronic gizmos we have at disposal we must never forget that our brain never has dead batteries or is left at home. It pays to store these rules on the old internal hard drive... our brain.
 
The sunny 16 rule
The basic exposure for a scene taken in bright, sunny light is f16 and a shutter speed equal to 1/ISO setting. For example f16@ 1/100th at ISO 100.
 
The moony rule
My favorite formula is: f11@ 1/ISO setting for a full moon, same shutter speed at f8 for a half moon and the same shutter speed at f5.6 for a quarter moon. © Rickey Brown
 
Camera shake rule
Never shoot hand-held at a shutter speed slower than 1/focal length or 1/100 for a 100mm etc... The exception are the IS/VR lenses.
 
Always meter from a gray card rule
Metering a gray card is a excellent way to get a good mid-tone exposure. What do you do if you don't have one? Expose the palm of your hand and open up one stop.
 
DOF rule
When shooting for maximum DOF focus, shoot about 1/3 into the photo, This is because the DOF is twice as deep behind this point as in front.
 
Exposure rule
The advice "expose for the highlights and let the shadows take care of themselves" is fine for slide film and digital but for print film you are better off overexposing one stop.
 
Flash fill rule
If your flash does not provide flash fill ratios you can manually do it. Set the flash ISO to twice the camera's ISO. Meter the scene, select the f-stop and set the flash to the same. This will result in a 2:1 ratio.
 
Flash range rule
How far will my flash reach? Double the distance, four times the speed. If a flash is good for 20 feet @ ISO 100 it will be good for 40 feet @ ISO 400.
 
Sunset rule
Meter the area ABOVE the sun without including the sun. Set 1 F-Stop down to make the sunset look later or set the exposure compensation to -1.
 
The always rule
Always have your camera with you and be ready... for you just never know what will appear in front of your eyes.


 
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My Outdoor Eyes Photography Blog

Eastern Kingbird At Our Bird Bath On Cape Cod

What a treat it was to see this Eastern Kingbird at our bird bath her on Cape Cod. We saw our first eastern Kingbird about a month ago at the Wellfleet Bay Wildlife Sanctuary. We had never seen one before. So now to see one in our own backyard is really cool!  

The Yuccas Are Blooming And Hardy Here On Cape Cod

The Yuccas are absolutely stunning this year on Cape Cod. I wonder if it’s because of all the moisture that we’ve had. I saw this “pastoral scene” with the luscious Yuccas on one of my early morning bike rides around to the different beaches. It’s amazing what you can see when you’re not worried about … Continue reading The Yuccas Are Blooming And Hardy Here On Cape Cod

Baby Baltimore Oriole In The Bird Bath On Cape Cod

We have so many baby Baltimore Orioles in our yard this summer! It is so much fun. This little guy was still wet from his bath. The coloring of the babies is so different from the adults with almost muted yellow and brown coloring. I loved the yellow Daylilies in the background. Cute little guy, … Continue reading Baby Baltimore Oriole In The Bird Bath On Cape Cod

Purple Climbing Nightshade Wildflower At Fort Hill On Cape Cod

The Climbing Nightshade wildflowers, also known as Bittersweet Nightshade,  are just beautiful at Fort Hill in Eastham on Cape Cod. You can see them on the trail near the Cutting Rock or on the trail leading up to the overlook parking lot. Climbing Nightshade wildflowers are a climbing vine with purple shooting star-shaped flowers of … Continue reading Purple Climbing Nightshade Wildflower At Fort Hill On Cape Cod

American Copper Butterfly At Fort Hill On Cape Cod

I almost missed this  little American Copper butterfly at Fort Hill on Cape Cod. He was pretty camouflaged until he opened his wings for a second and I saw the beautiful orange color and black spots. American Copper butterflies are small, only about 1″ with orange forewings and about 8 black dots and a black … Continue reading American Copper Butterfly At Fort Hill On Cape Cod

Gorgeous Orange Day Lilies on Cape Cod

The Daylilies here on Cape Cod are gorgeous this summer. They are growing everywhere and almost seem like a wildflower on the sides of the roads. I loved the coloring of this Daylily…so vibrant a deep orange color! What do you think?


 
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